There are three general types of sinusitis or rhinosinusitis: acute, acute recurrent, and chronic. While all three types of sinusitis or rhinosinusitis are caused by inflammation, the duration of the inflammation defines your problem. See which of the following descriptions best describes your current state of health.
Acute sinusitis is defined as a short-term
condition, lasting no more than 2 weeks, whether or not it has been treated. The signs and symptoms of acute sinusitis include facial pain/pressure, nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, diminished sense of smell, and cough. In addition, you
may experience fever, chills, bad breath, fatigue, dental pain, swollen or tender neck glands, and sore throat. When an acute viral infection is present the nasal discharge is usually clear. A bacterial infection can occur on top of the viral infection and is often accompanied by a yellow, green, or tan/brown nasal discharge.
This initial hit of inflammation would probably lead you to believe that you had come down with a simple cold. You may have been right if your symptoms were relieved within 24-72 hours, whether or not you treated them. But colds should not last more than 2 weeks: if your symptoms persist, you probably have acute sinusitis.
There are more than 200 different viruses that are known to cause the symptoms of the common cold. Rhinoviruses affect the inside the nose and cause an estimated 30-35 percent of all adult colds. These types of viruses seldom produce serious illness.